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  massacre11 massacre133

* Point #5 *

The price Americans paid
for their "Salvation" :

  points made about
the "American Holocaust" :
  Intro ~ 1 ~ 2 ~ 3
~ 4 ~ [ 5 ] ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8

The price America's native population paid for their "salvation" :
countless millions exterminated by the "Christian" invaders,
their property stolen by their European "discovers",
and then bequeathed to their own descendants.

"Just twenty-one years after Columbus's first landing in the Caribbean, the vastly populous island that the explorer had re-named 'Hispaniola' (now divided between Haiti and the Dominican Republic) was effectively desolate; nearly 8,000,000 people – those Columbus chose to call "Indians" – had been killed by violence, disease, and despair.'  It took a little longer, about the span of a single human generation, but what happened on Hispaniola was the equivalent of more than fifty Hiroshimas.  And Hispaniola was only the beginning.
NativeAmericansTrue         . . .  The island of Hispaniola's population of about eight million people at the time of Columbus's arrival in 1492 already had declined by a third to a half before the year 1496 was out.  And after 1496 the death rate, if anything, accelerated.  In plotting on a graph the decline of Hispaniola's native population, there appears a curious bulge, around the year 1510, when the diminishing numbers seemed to stabilize and even grow a bit.  Then the inexorable downward spiral toward extinction continues.  What that little blip on the demographic record indicates is not, however, a moment of respite for the island's people, nor a contradiction to the overall pattern of Hispaniola's population free-fall following Columbus's arrival.  Rather, it is a shadowy and passing footnote to the holocaust the Spanish at the same time were bringing to the rest of the Caribbean, for that fleeting instant of population stabilization was caused by the importation of tens of thousands of slaves from surrounding islands in a fruitless attempt by the Spanish to replace the dying natives of Hispaniola.  But death seized these imported slaves as quickly as it had Hispaniola's natives.  And thus, the islands of the Bahamas were rapidly stripped of perhaps half a million people, in large part for use as short-lived replacements by the Spanish for Hispaniola's nearly eradicated indigenous inhabitants.  Then Cuba, with its enormous population, suffered the same fate.  With the Caribbean's millions of native people thereby effectively liquidated in barely a quarter of a century, forced through the murderous vortex of Spanish savagery and greed, the slavers turned next to the smaller islands off the mainland coast.  The first raid took place in 1515 when natives from Guanaja in the Bay Islands off Honduras were captured and taken to forced labor camps in depopulated Cuba.  Other slave expeditions followed, and by 1525, when Cortés arrived in the region, all the Bay Islands themselves had been entirely shorn of their inhabitants.'  In order to exploit most fully the land and its populace, and to satisfy the increasingly dangerous and rebellion-organizing ambitions of his well armed Spanish troops, Columbus instituted a program called the repartimento or Indian grants – later referred to, in a revised version, as the system of encomiendas.  This was a dividing-up, not of the land, but of entire peoples and communities, and the bestowal of them upon a would-be Spanish master.  The master was free to do what he wished with 'his people' – have them plant, have them work in the mines, have them do anything, as Carl Sauer puts it, 'without limit or benefit of tenure.'  The result was an even greater increase in cruelty and a magnification of the firestorm of human devastation.  Caring only for short-term material wealth that could be wrenched up from the earth, the Spanish overlord on Hispaniola removed their slaves to unfamiliar locales . . .  deprived them of food and forced them to work until they dropped.  At the mines and fields in which they labored, the Indians were herded together under the supervision of Spanish overseers, known as mineros in the mines and estancieros on the plantations, who treated the Indians with such rigor and inhumanity that they seemed the very ministers of Hell, driving them day and night with beatings, kicks, lashes and blows and calling them no sweeter name than dogs.'"
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 73 }

"As for the newly born, they died early because their mothers, overworked and famished, had no milk to nurse them, and for this reason, while I was in Cuba, 7,000 babies died in three months.  Some mothers even drowned their babies from sheer desperation, while others caused themselves to abort with certain herbs that produced stillborn children.  In this way husbands died in the mines, wives died at work, and children died from lack of milk, while others had not time or energy for procreation, and in a short time this land which was so great, so powerful and fertile, though so unfortunate, was depopulated.
        By 1496, we already have noted, the population of Hispaniola had fallen from eight million to between four and five million.  By 1508 it was down to less than a hundred thousand.  By 1518 it numbered less that twenty thousand.  And by 1535, say the leading scholars on this grim topic for all practical purposes, the native population was extinct.  In less than the normal lifetime of a single human being, an entire culture of millions of people, thousands of years resident in their home land, had been exterminated.  The same fate befell the native peoples of the surrounding islands in the Caribbean as well."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 75 }

"Meanwhile, Tenochtitlán effectively was no more.  About a third of a million people dead, in a single city in a single lake in the Center of Mexico.  And still this was just the beginning.
        No one knows how many they killed, or how many died of disease before the conquistadors got there, but Las Casas wrote that Alvarado and his troops by themselves 'advanced, killing, ravaging, burning, robbing and destroying all the country wherever he came.'  In all, he said:
        'By other massacres and murders besides the above, they have destroyed and devastated a kingdom more than a hundred leagues square, one of the happiest in the way of fertility and population in the world.  This same tyrant wrote that it was more populous than the kingdom of Mexico; and he told the truth.  He and his brothers, together with the others, have killed more than four or five million people in fifteen or sixteen years, from the year 1525 until 1540, and they continue to kill and destroy those who are still left; and so they will kill the remainder.'
        Alvarado, of course, was but one among many engaged in this genocidal enterprise.  Nuño Beltrán de Guzman was one of those who led armies to the north, torturing and burning at the stake native headers, such as the Tarascan king, while seizing or destroying enormous native stores of food.  Guzman later was followed by Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, by Francisco de Ibarra, and countless other conquerors and marauders.  As elsewhere, disease, depredation, enslavement, and outright massacres combined to extinguish entire Indian cultures in Mexico's northwest.  Among the region's Serrano culture groups, in barely more than a century the Tepehuan people were reduced in number by 90 percent; the Irritilla people by 93 percent; the Acaxee people by 95%. It took a little longer for the various Yaqui peoples to reach this level of devastation, but they too saw nearly 90% of their numbers perish, while for the various Mayo peoples the collapse was 94%. Scores of other examples from this enormous area followed the same deadly pattern." "
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 81–82 }

"Within no more than a handful of generations following their first encounters with Europeans, the vast majority of the Western Hemisphere's native peoples had been exterminated.  The pace and magnitude of their obliteration varied from place to place and from time to time, but for years now historical demographers have been uncovering, in region upon region, post-Columbian depopulation rates of between 90 and 98 percent with such regularity that an overall decline of 95 percent has become a working rule of thumb.  What this means is that, on average, for every twenty natives alive at the moment of European contact-when the lands of the Americas teemed with numerous tens of millions of people-only one stood in their place when the bloodbath was over.
        To put this in a contemporary context, the ratio of native survivorship in the Americas following European contact was less than half of what the human survivorship ratio would be in the United States today if every single white person and every single black person died.  The destruction of the Indians of the Americas was, far and away, the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world.  That is why, as one historian aptly has said, far from the heroic and romantic heraldry that customarily is used to symbolize the European settlement of the Americas, the emblem most congruent with reality would be a pyramid of skulls." 
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. x of Introduction }

massacre11 massacre133

  points made about the "American Holocaust" :
  Intro ~ 1 ~ 2 ~ 3
~ 4 ~ [ 5 ] ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ~

For contact info, etc.,   go to
the bottom of  Point #8